For the last 14 years, in collaboration with the University of Otago's Chemistry Department, Dr Kim Currie has run a time series tracking ocean acidification. Every two months, she collects water samples along a 65-kilometre line from the tip of Otago Harbour out into subantarctic waters.
The series is invaluable because it covers the different subtropical and subantarctic water currents in a one-day trip: the only place in the world where this is possible. Along the line, Otago University scientists measure the pH, while Currie measures the other three parameters - alkalinity, total dissolved inorganic carbon and partial pressure of CO2. The data helps to model changes in different water masses at different times. For example, pH is linked to temperature, and so varies between summer and winter and from year to year.